How Was The Outcome Of The Munich Agreement Similar

The agreement was widely welcomed. French Prime Minister Daladier did not believe, as one scholar put it, that a European war was justified « to keep three million Germans under Czech sovereignty. » But the same is true for Alsace-Lorraine, unlike the alliance between France and Czechoslovakia against German aggression. Gallup Polls, in Britain, France and the United States, said the majority of the population supported the agreement. In 1939, Czechoslovakian President Beneé was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize. [52] The American historian William L. Shirer estimated in his « Rise and Fall of the Third Reich » (1960) that Czechoslovakia, although Hitler was not bluffing about its intention to invade, could have resisted considerably. Shirer believed that Britain and France had sufficient air defence to avoid severe bombing of London and Paris, and could have waged a swift and fruitful war against Germany. [66] He quotes Churchill as saying that the agreement means that « Britain and France are in a much worse position than Hitler`s Germany. » [61] After personally inspecting the Czech fortifications, Hitler privately told Joseph Goebbels that « we shed a lot of blood » and that it was fortunate that there had been no fighting. [67] On September 15, 1938, In the face of high tensions between the Germans and the Czechoslovakian government, the heirs secretly proposed giving 6,000 square kilometres to Czechoslovakia to Germany, in exchange for a German accession agreement of 1.5 to 2.0 million South German Germans that would expel Czechoslovakia. Hitler did not respond. [13] A French opinion poll conducted in early October 1938 revealed 57% of Daladier`s policy indecision, 37% against and 6%, which was very similar to the British figures in Munich. But 70% of them said that other Hitler`s demands had to be opposed. The shadow of the First World War meant that panic spread in September, just before Munich.

However, during the crisis, French opinion was nothing but fuzzy. After Poland learned that populated territories in Poland were to be transferred to Germany, Poland issued a note to the Czechoslovak government regarding the immediate conclusion of an agreement providing for the unquestionable occupation of Polish territory by Polish troops; An agreement on referendums is expected to follow in districts with a large proportion of the Polish population. [75] Many in the British government believed that the United States could not be trusted as an ally because the country had refused to join the League of Nations and had retreated into its usual isolationism.