A bilateral NOA (sometimes referred to as bilateral NOA or bilateral NOA) consists of two parties for which both parties expect to be disclosed information to protect them from further disclosure. This type of NOA is common when companies are considering some kind of joint venture or merger. A multilateral NOA involves three or more parties, of which at least one of the parties expects to disclose information to other parties, and requires that such information be protected from further disclosure. This type of NOA renders separate unilateral or bilateral NDAs between only two parties redundant. For example, a single NOA with several parties, each intending to pass on information to the other two parties, could be used instead of three separate bilateral ASOs between the first and second parts, the second and third parties, as well as the third and first parties. A confidentiality agreement (NDA) can be considered unilateral, bilateral or multilateral: the use of confidentiality agreements is increasing in India and is subject to the Indian Contract Act 1872. In many cases, the use of an NOA is essential, for example. B to hire employees who develop patentable technologies when the employer intends to apply for a patent. Confidentiality agreements have become very important due to the growth of the Indian outsourcing industry. In India, an NDA must be stamped to be a valid enforceable document. A unilateral NOA (sometimes called a unilateral NOA) consists of two parts for which only one party (i.e.
the unveiling party) discloses certain information to the other party (i.e. the recipient party) and requires that, for whatever reason, the information be protected from further disclosure (e.g. B the secrecy required for the fulfilment of the patent right or the legal protection of trade secrets , to limit the disclosure of information prior to the publication of a press release for a notice of great importance or to ensure that a receiving party does not use or disclose information without compensating the public party). A Confidentiality Agreement (NDA), also known as a Confidentiality Agreement (CA), Confidential Disclosure Agreement (CDA), Intellectual Property Information Agreement (PIA) or Confidentiality Agreement (SA), is a legal contract or part of a contract between at least two parties that describes confidential information, knowledge or information that the parties wish to share with each other for specific purposes. , but which limit access. Physician-patient confidentiality (doctor-patient privilege-privilege), solicitor-client privilege, priestly privilege, bank client confidentiality and kickback agreements are examples of NDAs that are often not enshrined in a written contract between the parties.