The 2017 UN Climate Change Conference was held in Bonn from 6-18 November. Leaders of national governments, cities, states, businesses, investors, NGOs and civil society came together to accelerate the fight against climate change and achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement on climate change. In recent years, governments around the world have devoted considerable time and effort to developing plans to plan for a safer and more sustainable future for their citizens. Considering it now as part of recovery planning can help the world emerge from the current crisis. Measures to reduce climate risk can interact positively with other sustainable development goals (synergies) and negative (trade-offs). The authors conduct a comprehensive analysis that examines the extent to which climate measures contained in countries` NDCs combine with the 17 SDGs. The analysis, based on the results of the NDC-SDG connection tool, highlights both the areas in which sustainable development is located and which are directly addressed by climate change, and those that are not currently involved in the activities of the NDC. The paper shows that the actions described to varying degrees in the NMPs promote synergies with national development priorities, which reflect the agenda by 2030. The authors note that a large number of climate activities support, for example, SDGs 7 (clean and affordable energy), SDGs 15 (life on land) and SDGs 2 (zero hunger), but that there are significant gaps in the SDGs such as the SDGs 5 (gender equality), SDGs 1 (not poverty) and SDGs 16 (peace and justice).
An example of synergy is sustainable forest management, capable of preventing emissions from deforestation and absorbing carbon to reduce warming at a reasonable cost. It can work in synergy with other dimensions of sustainable development by providing food (SDG 2) and clean water (SDG 6) and protecting ecosystems (SDG 15). Other examples of synergies are provided when climate adaptation measures, such as coastal or agricultural projects, strengthen women and benefit local incomes, health and ecosystems. The CRDPs describe trajectories that have the dual objective of limiting warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius while strengthening sustainable development. These include eradicating poverty and reducing vulnerabilities and inequalities for regions, countries, municipalities, businesses and cities. These railways include a mix of adaptation and mitigation measures that are consistent with profound social and systemic transformations. The goals are to achieve the SDGs in the short term, achieve longer-term sustainable development, reduce net zero emissions by the middle of the century, build resilience and improve human adaptation capacity, while ensuring equity and well-being for all. The agreement offers a way forward to limit the temperature increase to a level well below 2 degrees, perhaps even 1.5 degrees. The agreement provides a mechanism to raise the level of ambitions. Limiting the increase in temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius can make it much easier to achieve the SDGs, but it is also possible that the continuation of the SDGs will lead to compromises with efforts to limit climate change.