Those who are protected by the withdrawal agreement and who have not yet acquired a right of permanent residence – if they have not lived in the host state for at least five years – are fully protected by the withdrawal agreement and can continue to reside in the host state and acquire permanent residence rights in the host state even after the UK`s withdrawal from the EU. The citizens` rights provisions in the VA establish a framework for the continuation of legal residence (and related rights) of EU citizens residing in the UK and British nationals living in the EU at the end of the transition period (or the « implementation phase »). Individuals can rely directly on the VA to assert their rights. The provisions apply only to persons who are in a cross-border situation at the end of the transition period (WAB explanatory notes are called « protected cohort »). (In this perspective, when we refer to the VA, we collectively hear the agreements and where we refer to the EU, not only the EU-27, but also Switzerland and the EEA-EFTA countries). EU citizens and British citizens entering the host state during the transition period enjoy the same rights and obligations under the withdrawal agreement as those who arrived in the host state before 1 February 2020. In this awareness, we look at the measures taken in Part 3 of the MSA on citizens` rights and some of the issues they raise. The joint reports provide an overview of progress in implementing the new resident status and issuing residence documents attesting to this status for EU citizens in the UK and for UK nationals in EU Member States. These are reflected in article 11 of the Act, which confers the power to adopt regulations (including the powers of Heinrich VIII) granting a right of appeal against certain « citizens` decisions on immigration ».
The IMA will oversee the UK`s implementation of civil rights parties. The European Commission will play the same role on behalf of EU Member States towards British citizens living in the EU.